DOT Physical Medical Exam: What to Expect During the Examination

DOT Physical Medical Exam: What to Expect During the Examination

A Department of Transportation Physical or DOT physical is a required exam for anyone who works as a commercial motor vehicle driver. This exam ensures that the driver can safely spend long hours behind the wheel, that they are up to date on all their wellness checkups, and are at their peak performance.

DOT Physical Exams: What Do They Consist Of?

During a DOT physical, a driver’s health and overall well-being are evaluated using a series of tests. These tests are similar to those you would have during a regular physical or check-up with your family physician. Here are some of the tests you can expect when you schedule your DOT physical:

Hearing Test

Good hearing is essential while driving any commercial vehicle. During the exam, the doctor may check if you can hear a forced whisper from five feet away or less, with or without the help of hearing aids.

Vision Test

During the DOT physical, the doctor will check your vision to ensure you have at least 20/40 vision in both eyes. If you wear prescription glasses, you will be tested while wearing them. You may be tested for color blindness, or the ability to distinguish between different colors, with or without any prescribed lenses.


You’ll be asked to provide a urine sample during the DOT exam. This test is necessary because it helps determine if you have any irregularities or medical conditions you were unaware of that may require attention.

Blood Pressure & Pulse Rate

Checking these vital signs will show any abnormalities and determine if you can sit for many hours behind the wheel. Checking your blood pressure and pulse rate can also reveal health issues that you may be unaware of.

Physical Exam

The physical exam is the most extensive part of the DOT physical. During this examination, the doctor will take a closer look at your general appearance. They may discuss your weight if that is an issue and any drug or alcohol problems you currently have or have had in the past.

The physician will check your lungs, mouth, and throat for any breathing or swallowing issues. The doctor will also look for any unusual masses or hernias in your abdomen.

The doctor will evaluate the vascular system by checking for a weak pulse and proper blood flow. The physician may also check for issues such as varicose veins or poor circulation during this time.

The physician will test your limbs for any loss, damage, and tenderness to ensure you can endure the long drives every day. They will check your skeletal system for tenderness or any limitations. You will also be tested for any neurological issues such as poor balance, speech, and reflexes.

During the physical, you may be asked if you are up to date on all your vaccinations. These vaccines can include Hepatitis A and B, Influenza, and the shot for Polio/Tetanus/Typhoid.

What Do I Need to Bring to My DOT Physical Exam?

When it is time for your DOT exam, you should be prepared to provide any documents you have that list medications you are taking. Having records of recent lab results or recent surgeries may not be required, but they can be helpful.

How Do I Schedule an Appointment for a DOT Physical Medical Exam?

To schedule an appointment for your DOT Physical Medical Exam, get in touch with us here at Bass Urgent Care. Our representatives will be happy to answer any questions you may have about the physical and let you know what you need to do to prepare. Give us a call today at (925) 350-4044 for more information.